Fundamental Movement Skills (FMS) are the building blocks for Physical Literacy and can be broken down into three categories.

Body Management Skills

These skills involve balancing the body in stillness and in motion. Skills include balancing, climbing, and rolling. They are predominantly developed in gymnastic-type activities and form the basis for most other FMS. Without a solid grounding in body management skills, children will find the development of other motor patterns difficult.

Locomotor Skills

Locomotor skills involve transporting the body from A to B in a given direction. Examples of locomotor skills include walking, running, skipping and jumping.

Manipulative Skills

Manipulative skills are skills that involve imparting force with or on an external object. A good foundation in these skills are required for most team games. These skills can be further divided into propulsive skills such as kicking and throwing, in addition to absorptive skills, such as catching and trapping.

Why a Fundamental Approach?

Fundamental Movement Skills are the foundations required to form more generalised, specific sports skills. They are the physical equivalent of spelling, punctuation and grammar in Literacy, or multiplication, addition, subtraction and division in Numeracy.

Without mastery of basic FMS, children will have little to link together to form more complex movement patterns later in life.

West Lancashire Sport Partnership has identified the following FMS:

• Throw (underarm and overarm)

• Kick (from a static position and on the move)

• Dodge

• Skip

• Hop

• Jump (vertical and broad)

• Catch

• Balance

• Strike (with an object)

• Roll (body and objects)

Repetition of these skills results in children developing the Physical Literacy needed to stay active for life. All children have the right to access physical activity and it is our responsibility to help them develop the skills, prowess and strength to do so.


Children who are more proficient in FMS are more likely to choose to be active throughout their lives.

PE Plus Intervention

• As a partnership, we are always looking to close the gap within PE attainment. Whilst we recognise that children across West Lancashire receive high quality PE provision, we also understand that we have an opportunity to do more to support those children who may be under-achieving in the development of their own Physical Literacy and FMS.

• If a child or group of children are under-performing in Numeracy or Literacy, a programme of support and intervention is provided - this is not always the case in PE.

• We have developed a collection of sessions that specifically target Physical Literacy. They are fun, progressive and challenging and will give children the additional support and expert coaching to improve and develop individually.

• These sessions will be delivered by expert coaches of FMS and Physical Literacy. Coaches work with small groups or individuals and aim to close the gap across all areas of Physical Education. Our coaches are also experienced in working with young people with Special Educational Needs.

• By developing these skills, young people gain increased confidence and competence and subsequently engage more effectively in PE, school sport and physical activity opportunities.

• Intervention can be tailored to meet the needs of your school throughout the year.

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